KIDNEY STONES

Accumulation of mineral salts (carbonates, oxalates, phosphates, urates) forming crystals in the kidney, which may travel in the urinary tract causing excruciating pain. A number of metabolic disorders help form kidney stones, including Cushing's syndrome, cystinuria, destructive bone disease, hyperparathyroidism, excessive use of antacids, excess vitamin C.

Diet:
Eat a lot of watermelon and drink a lot of fluids. Limit animal proteins and salts. Avoid alcohol, asparagus, beets, caffeine, chocolate, dried figs, lamb, milk, nuts, pepper, poppy seeds, spinach, strawberries, blueberries, and beets.

Nutrients:
Magnesium, vitamin B6, A, and C (not in excess). There is some evidence that calcium supplementation may actually prevent kidney stone formation, but best not to take supplements.

Herbs:
Gingko biloba, goldenseal.